Topical calcineurin inhibitors are a type of medication that is used to treat various inflammatory skin conditions such as atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, and psoriasis. These medications work by blocking the activity of an enzyme called calcineurin, which is involved in the activation of immune cells that cause inflammation.
The use of topical calcineurin inhibitors has become increasingly popular in recent years due to their ability to effectively control symptoms of inflammatory skin conditions without causing significant side effects like steroid atrophy. Unlike systemic immunosuppressive drugs, topical calcineurin inhibitors only target the affected skin, and therefore, their systemic effects are minimal.
Topical calcineurin inhibitors are available in the form of creams, ointments, and lotions, and are applied directly to the affected skin. They work by inhibiting the production of inflammatory mediators, reducing redness, itching, and scaling associated with inflammatory skin conditions.
One of the most commonly used topical calcineurin inhibitors is pimecrolimus, which has been approved for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in children and adults. Tacrolimus, another topical calcineurin inhibitor, is also used to treat atopic dermatitis and other inflammatory skin conditions.
Despite their effectiveness, topical calcineurin inhibitors are not recommended for everyone, and their use should be discussed with a healthcare provider to determine if they are appropriate for an individual’s specific needs and medical history.
In conclusion, topical calcineurin inhibitors offer a safe and effective treatment option for individuals with inflammatory skin conditions without risking steroid atrophy. Their ability to target the affected skin while minimizing systemic effects makes them a popular choice among patients and healthcare providers.